Employment fraud is an attempt to defraud people who are seeking employment by giving them false hopes of better employment, often with higher wages. Employment fraud involves activities such as fraudulent representation of income, claiming to be self-employment in a non-existent firm, creating phishing pages of reputed firms etc.
How it is Done?
Modus Operandi 1:
You get a call from a job consultant promising you an interview at a reputed company. The consultant asks you to submit your original documents with the company. You go to the company’s office where the consultant makes you meet a representative in person. After that, a company representative interviews you. The consultant charges you hefty fees and gives you the job offer letter. When you reach the original company’s office on the joining date, you are informed that the job offer is fake.
Modus Operandi 2:
Another trick is to create websites of fictitious companies, assuring “genuineness” of the jobs offered. These racketeers also create social media accounts in the name of these fictitious companies. Some create fake job portals too. Candidates are asked to register on these portals which give the racketeers access to their personal information. They not only post fake jobs on these websites but also conduct tests and upload the results and then charge the 'successful' candidates huge sums of money for issuing the non-existent offer letters.
Fraudsters collect information using these kind of fake employment websites (Representation purpose only)
Modus Operandi 3:
Racketeers create websites that look exactly like those of reputed companies or government departments and have deceptively similar domain names. In May this year, Telangana police arrested three people for cheating job aspirants by creating a fake website of government organisation “Telangana Agro Development Corporation”. They invited job applications under various categories and then charged the candidates for application forms, postal cost, processing fees and several other charges.
Modus Operandi 4:
Some racketeers pose as fake job consultants and promise jobs at reputed companies and government departments by charging hefty fees. In March this year, Noida police arrested a man who posed as a fake job consultant and with the help of three accomplices (one of whom was a former employee of a reputed job portal), stole data of 3,000-odd job seekers.
Subsequently, they used to call up the youths, offer them jobs in private firms across NCR and asked them to pay at various steps. They had rented a well-furnished office at Rs 40,000 a month in Sector 72 where they used to meet the candidates. The accused and his aides first sought Rs 1,600 from the youths as registration fee, after which they demanded Rs 5,000 for document verification and then Rs 10,000 for issuing the appointment letter.